Museum of Biblical History Staff • 02.19.2015
One of the smallest items you’ll find in the Museum of Biblical History is only 19/32 of an inch long: but don’t let that fool you – though it’s small in size, it’s great in historic weight! It is a scarab made of Egyptian steatite with a tiny inscription on the base that reveals the name of a famous Egyptian pharaoh – Thutmosis III. Scarabs were popular amulets used through ancient Egypt. They became popular during the early Middle Kingdom (ca. 2000 B.C.), and symbolized the power of resurrection held by Khepri: the god who would resurrect Re, the sun, every morning. Scarabs like the one in the Museum often bore an inscription of the name of a pharaoh, or other royal person, and were used as official seals. Our scarab bears the name “Men Kheper Re,” the throne name of Thutmosis III. Who was Thutmosis III? Why is this significant to Biblical history?